Taiwan’s TSMC to construct Arizona chip plant as U.S.-China tech rivalry escalates

(Reuters) – Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Co Ltd, the most important contract chipmaker, mentioned it plans to construct a $12 billion manufacturing unit in Arizona in an obvious win for the Trump administration’s efforts to wrestle world tech provide chains again from China.

FILE PHOTO: A emblem of Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Co (TSMC) is seen at its headquarters in Hsinchu, Taiwan August 31, 2018. REUTERS/Tyrone Siu/File Photograph

The plan, which might be one of many largest inbound U.S. investments on document and create over 1,600 jobs, comes as U.S. President Donald Trump steps up criticism of Chinese language commerce practices and Beijing’s dealing with of the novel coronavirus forward of the Nov. three U.S. presidential election.

Trump has lengthy pledged to carry manufacturing again from abroad and now a steep financial hunch introduced on by the novel coronavirus is driving a government-wide push to finish U.S. manufacturing and provide chain dependency on China.

U.S. Secretary of Commerce Wilbur Ross touted the deal as “one other indication that President Trump’s coverage agenda has led to a renaissance in American manufacturing.”

TSMC is a serious provider to U.S. tech giants equivalent to Apple Inc and Qualcomm Inc, in addition to Chinese language corporations like Huawei Applied sciences [HWT.UL], which Washington has placed on a commerce blacklist.

“This mission is of important, strategic significance to a vibrant and aggressive U.S. semiconductor ecosystem that allows main U.S. corporations to manufacture their cutting-edge semiconductor merchandise inside the USA,” TSMC mentioned.

Whereas enormous by way of international funding in the USA, the plan is small by TSMC’s requirements. For 2020, TSMC’s capex plan is $15-16 billion.

The Taiwanese chipmaker mentioned the plan was to construct the plant over 9 years.

A U.S. Commerce Division official mentioned TSMC’s choice to find the plant in the USA generated “good will” on the division, the drafter of a legislation that will, if carried out, severely limit TSMC chip gross sales to Huawei.

Credit score Suisse analysts mentioned proposed restrictions might threaten TSMC’s 14% of gross sales from Huawei, escalate U.S.-China tensions and delay the rollout of the next-generation 5G cellular community.

Shares of TSMC, the world’s most dear semiconductor firm with a market capitalisation of $255 billion, exceeding Intel Corp’s, rose greater than 1.5% on Friday morning, outperforming a 0.8% acquire in the principle Taiwan inventory market.

“Whereas it’s onerous to make sure, we consider that TSMC asserting a U.S. Fab might take away the specter of additional Huawei restrictions within the very near-term not less than,” JP Morgan analysts mentioned in a word.


The plant, the most important international funding by TSMC, will produce essentially the most subtle 5 nanometer chips, which can be utilized in high-end defence and communications units.

TSMC manufactures the majority of its chips in Taiwan and has older chip services in China and Washington state.

Its chips energy Apple’s iPhones and the iPhone maker works carefully with TSMC to turn out to be the primary to benefit from new advances in its chip-making processes.

U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo mentioned chips from the brand new TSMC plant will energy every part from synthetic intelligence to 5G base stations to F-35 fighter jets.

Semiconductors play a key position in each shopper electronics and protection tools. The overwhelming majority of essentially the most superior chips are made in Asia, which has triggered concern amongst U.S. officers as a strategic rivalry with China deepens over the origins of the lethal coronavirus.

Whereas Intel has main manufacturing operations in the USA, it provides solely its personal chips reasonably than making them for out of doors clients.

The Trump administration has been in talks with each Intel and TSMC to construct a plant in the USA, and Intel mentioned final week it was in discussions with the Division of Protection about bettering home sources for microelectronics and associated expertise.

The TSMC announcement shouldn’t be anticipated to derail the Pentagon’s efforts to bolster the availability chain for microprocessors, regardless of the Commerce Division’s engaged on the TSMC deal independently, an individual aware of the matter mentioned.

Apple and Intel declined to remark.

FILE PHOTO: A emblem of Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Co (TSMC) is seen at its headquarters in Hsinchu, Taiwan October 5, 2017. REUTERS/Eason Lam

TSMC mentioned that building of the Arizona facility would start in 2021 with manufacturing focused to start in 2024, and that it might be capable of course of as much as 20,000 silicon wafers per thirty days. Every wafer can comprise 1000’s of particular person chips. The funding might be constructed from 2021 to 2029.

The Wall Avenue Journal first reported the most recent particulars of TSMC’s plans.

Reporting by Stephen Nellis in San Francisco, and David Shepardson, Alexandra Alper and Mike Stone in Washington, Karen Freifeld in New York; Yimou Lee in Taipei; Writing by Miyoung Kim; Modifying by Leslie Adler, Muralikumar Anantharaman and Stephen Coates

Our Requirements:The Thomson Reuters Belief Rules.

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